I've been doing some reading and thinking about agrarianism, and thought I would post a bit of it.
The classical world also had a high view of farming, but one with more revolutionary connotations. The Greek poet Homer spoke of farmers in exalted terms and only barbarian monsters, like the Cyclops, did not farm (Odyssey IX. 113-124). Hesiod, another Greek poet of the same period, says that only warriors, or “Men of Ares” do not work for their bread and that the gods look more kindly on those who make their living from the soil (Works and Days 147). The Romans, under the tribune Tiberius Gracchus, enacted forced land re-distribution, giving the government the right to take land from the wealthy and re-distribute it amongst free Roman citizens. This law was called lex sempromia agraria and is where our term “agrarianism” originated, along with its socialistic connotations.